The Legend of Julius Caesar

Myths and Legends are common throughout all kinds of culture historically and presently. A myth is symbolic; we can say that a myth briefly is a religious explanation for how a custom began. A legend isn??™t all the truth; we can say the story of David and Goliath is a legend as one man with the power of God can deny any man. Another way of putting things would be a ???camp fire story??™ or ???a wife??™s tale??™.

Expressing a myth is not saying it is completely true as we cannot chronologically compare it to the present day. Usually throughout the course of history, near all myths relate to an act or person of Christianity, the reason for this is the Catholic Church dominating mostly throughout history but other myths such as the Muslim belief of the prophet of Muhammad exist to this day.

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The Legend of Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar was born to the Julii family in approximately 100 BC, a popular faction at the time.

When people speak about Caesar and his success, they speak of how he had such an energetic way of getting things done, they say that this was the reason why he outsmarted and excelled all his rivals. In history, Caesar??™s proceeder, Mark Antony is spoken to by Marcus Cirero after being elected ???Your ambition to reign, Antony, certainly deserves to be compared with Caesar??™s. But not a single other respect are you entitled to the same comparison. (http://www.vroma.org/~bmcmanus/caesar2.html). Caesar is known to be compared to Alexander the Great.

At around the age of 24 Caesar joined the military bringing the start of his legend. One of Caesar??™s first influential moments would be his award of the civic crown for saving the life of a citizen in battle, after his general at the time sent him on a mission to the Nicomedes to obtain a fleet of ships from the King of Bithynia. He was successful becoming the gossip of Rome. Apparently though the way he persuaded the King (a homosexual) to obtain the ships was to sleep with him. He returned to Rome and became a lawyer in 78 BC.

Another substantial thing about Caesar??™s great legend was that while sailing to Greece Caesar was kidnapped by Cilician pirates and held ransom. The pirates surprisingly took great care of Caesar, probably because they realised the great importance of this man and raised his ransom. Caesar when (released or escaped, there is no evidence, http://www.vroma.org/~bmcmanus/caesar2.html) he tracked down the pirates and had their throats slit as a warning to other pirates. He slit their throats to lessen their suffering as they treated him nicely. He returned to Rome and was elected Military Tribune in 72 BC.

3 years later his wife Cornelia and Aunt Julia died. At the funerals and in public he emphasised his connection with Gaius Marius his uncle (Julia??™s husband) and their ancient nobility of their ancient family of kings and gods, dramatizing himself, Marius and his faction. Conquering Gaul (today Middle Europe) made his figure much bigger.

Caesar??™s military and politic career was influenced by his ???3way alliance??™ with Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus (Pompey) and Marcus Licinius Crassus (Crassus), all 3 were generals and politicians, the trio were an unofficial military/political alliance known as the First Triumvirate. Sometimes known as the ???3 headed-monster??™ by Rome??™s enemies. This coalition was established with Julia Caesar??™s daughter marrying Pompey. Disappointingly the alliance crashed in 54 BC with Julia gone (death during childbirth) and Crassus killed in action against the Parthians, Caesar and Pompey drifted away with Pompey changing factions.

Caesar and Pompey??™s relationship eventually got to the point where their armies clashed. On the plains of Pharsalus, Caesar with 21 000 men and Pompey with 46 000 they had a huge battle with Caesar winning with great generalship. Pompey escaped and fled to Egypt with Caesar chasing him to Egypt only to find the Egyptians with the head of Pompey and eventually a year later on March 26 47 BC Caesar with the help of an ally King Mithridates defeated the Egyptian army and helped Cleopatra to the throne, he left leaving 3 legions to the new Egyptian general, either before or after Caesar left Egypt Cleopatra bore a son whom belonged to Caesar.

Arriving back at Rome in July 25, 46 BC the unchallenged legendary general celebrated his 4 victories against the Gaul, Egyptians, Pharnaces and the Juba. He sent for Cleopatra and his new child and created them a villa of luxury across the Tiber River from Rome.

On March 15, 44 BC before his departure against his plans for the Parthians, Caesar attended his last meeting of the senate held at the Great Forum where the Senate regularly met. 60 conspirators led by Marcus Junius Brutus, Decimus Brutus Albinus, Gaius Trebonius and Gaius Cassius Longinus, stabbed Caesar approximately 23 times as he stood on the base of Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus??™s statue. His words to Brutus before his death were ???You, too, my child???. Caesar??™s death caused a political vacuum. Mark Antony was his successor with Caesar leaving him his money and his legions. Caesar is known as one of the greatest political and military geniuses, he is even compared to Alexander the great.
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http://www.whitehat.com.au/australia/History/Myths.asp
http://www.vroma.org/~bmcmanus/caesar.html
http://www.vroma.org/~bmcmanus/caesar2.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Julius_Caesar

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