Polution

Ecological Issues with Pollution
December 21, 2011
Ecological Perspectives

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Abstract
Pollution is a major issue with the ecological system today. Pollution is when mankind destroys or puts things into the earth such as air, soil, and water that is harmful for the earth. My research will focus on air, soil, water and noise pollution. Each one of these different types and causes of pollution is extremely important to why we have pollution problems. While describing what each issue is there will be the cause and an opinion based of each issue. There is also another issue which is noise pollution that will be researched. The four major issues within pollution are caused by man, in which will take a long process to even attempt to get better, but can be done with the help of all men. Pollution is a major issue that needs to be fixed. The research given helps the reader understand how important this issue is.
Keywords: pollution, issue, ecological system, society ?
Ecological Issues with Pollution
Pollution is not a new major issue in the ecological system. In fact, pollution has been a problem since the appearance of our earliest ancestors (Draggan 2010). Increasing human populations have opened the door to more bacteria and disease. Draggan states that these epidemics were directly related to unsanitary conditions caused by human and animal wastes, and garbage. By the 1800s, people began to understand that unsanitary living conditions and water contamination contributed to disease epidemics (Draggan 2010). Water and air pollution in U.S. urban areas continued to increase well into the 20th century (Draggan 2010).
Pollution is a term that is based upon the act of contaminating ones environment by introducing certain hazardous contaminants that disturb the ecosystem and directly or indirectly affect the living organisms of that ecosystem (Hassam n.d). Hassam states that pollution in general is the activity of disturbing the natural system and balance of an environment. Man or should I say humans are the cause of pollution. Chemicals and daily things that we use are the cause of pollution problems. There are so many different pollution problems. There are four major pollution problems that are the most common or popular. There is air pollution, soil pollution, water pollution, and noise pollution.
Air pollution is the most common and most dangerous pollution there is. Air pollution described by Hassam involves the direct release of chemicals into the environment that becomes the air around us that all living things take in. Air pollution has a direct affect on human lives which, causes problems with humans. According to a foundation called Paryavaran Mitra air pollution can cause health problems, and damage to the environment and property (2007). Pollution can also lead to climate change, because pollution causes thinning of the protective ozone layer of the atmosphere (Paryavaran Mitra 2007). Things that cause air pollution are vehicles, gas, chemicals, smoke and many more things.
Human causes these problems because of all the personal wants, and not thinking of the environment and the future of our planet. Air pollution is one thing that can honestly hurt our planet. There are plans and ways that we can help stop and slow down air pollution. The society would have to come together and change the way of living pertaining to cars, smoking, and garbage. There are many other things, but these are the most obvious and probably the things that are mostly needed to change. Air pollution does not seem to be a major problem just speaking on it, but once the research is done you notice how serious it is. If the public becomes aware, and realizes how serious the risk of air pollution is then maybe the air pollution will decrease.
Secondly, soil pollution involves the contamination of soil by the release of harmful substances into the soil (Hassam n.d). Soil pollution causes an indirect damage to humans and other animals. Hence a soil consisting of contaminants will not only affect the plants growing on the soil but it will also indirectly harm the entire food chain (Hassam n.d). Soil pollution is what humans put into the ground. Soil pollution is mainly caused by the release of industrial waste. This waste is directly incorporated into the soil by large industries and factories (Hassam n.d).
Soil pollution is a result of many activities and experiments done by mankind and some of the leading soil pollution. Some examples of these are industrial wastes, such as harmful gases and chemicals, agricultural pesticides, fertilizers and insecticides are the most important causes of soil pollution, ignorance towards soil management and related systems, leakages from sanitary sewage, acid rains, when fumes released from industries get mixed with rains, and last but not least fuel leakages from automobiles, that get washed away due to rain and seep into the nearby soil ( Deshmukh 2011). One person may not think they are harming the earth by that one pack of cigarette, or that little gas leakage for a week, but what one fails to realize is they are not the only one. It is multiple, maybe thousands of people that does these careless things never thinking about the consequences.
The effects of pollution on soil are quite alarming and can cause huge disturbances in the ecological balance and health of living creatures on earth. Some of the most serious soil pollution effects are loss of soil and natural nutrients present in it, plants also would not thrive in such a soil, which would further result in soil erosion ( Deshmukh 2011). Generally crops cannot grow and flourish in a polluted soil. Yet if some crops manage to grow, they would be poisonous enough to cause serious health problems in people consuming them. Creation of toxic dust leading is another potential effect of soil pollution ( Deshmukh 2011). Soil pollution can be cured by transporting the contaminated soil layer to some remote place, thus making it once again fit for use. Harmful chemicals from the soil can also be removed by aerating it ( Deshmukh 2011).
Soil pollution is the worse in my opinion because it is things that we take in. we eat soil basically as stated above our vegetables, and beans are grown in our soil. Our trees grow from our soil, and we breathe in carbon dioxide from our trees. All of the things that are put into our soil are being sucked up by the things we need to live. We are what we eat is an old saying, so if you think about it we are gasoline, and cigarette buds. Health problems are increasing not only in humans, but animals as well. If we as a society do not put an end to soil pollution then the issues we have now will only get worse.
According to Hassam seventy five percent of the earth??™s surface is covered with water and more than half of the total population of earth??™s species resides in water. Third water pollution affects the fish and animals living in the water but also affects other animals and humans by transferring the contaminants to the consumers depending on what fish we ear. Many of the water creatures are on the verge of extinction due to the dramatic increase in the water pollution (Hassam n.d). Just like air and soil pollution, water pollution is caused by the direct incorporation of hazardous pollutants (Hassam n.d). The sources of these pollutants are yet again the large industries and factories that dispose off their waste in lakes and ponds (Hassam n.d).
Water pollution is similar to soil pollution, but attacks our animals head on. People dump toxics and garbage into our lakes and water. They may believe that they are just getting rid of waste, but do not understand that they are putting their toxic waste and garbage back into our bodies, in which is causing health problems. All of these major issues with pollution go hand in hand. Water pollution also deals with dishwashing, toilet flushing, throwing things down the sewer as we all know common sense tells us that all of this waste and feces goes into the ocean.
There is no way as of right now to disperse of this waste that is why they came up with the sewage system. Of course this system is still causing, and making the situation no better. Another source of ocean pollution by sewage-related waste is the disposal of biosolids, a semisolid byproduct of the sewage treatment process, often called sludge (Clendenon 2011). According to Clendenon although todays environmental regulations in the United States prohibit this practice, sewage sludge is still disposed at sea in some countries. These are the type of things that man does to cause the ecological system to even have such thing called water pollution.
Last but not least the fourth major issue within pollution is noise pollution. This type of pollution is not usually heard of. Noise pollution is unlike the above mentioned types of pollutions it does not involve hazardous chemicals or their incorporation into the environment, rather noise pollution is the increase in the rate of noise in the environment (Hassam n.d). Noise is a sound that loud and not pleasant to the ear. It penetrates into human mind and controls it. Too much noise leads to severe psychological illness and badly affects the behavior (Hassam n.d). It leads to hypertension, stress, aggression and annoyance. Noise pollution is caused by the moving vehicles, manmade machines and loud music (Hassam n.d). Stated by Hassam as well other than that noise can be caused by anything, but these three sources are the main reasons for the noise pollution around us.
According to the Paryavaran Mitra foundation the natural environment contains many sources of noise wind, volcanoes, oceans, and animal sounds are all familiar intrusions accepted at various levels. Man-made noises from machines, automobiles, trains, planes, explosives and firecrackers, and such hurt the ecological system. Pollution is a noun derived from the verb pollute, meaning: to foul (Paryavaran Mitra 2007). It is now increasingly understood that pollution from noise is an important component of air pollution, which was previously understood as being limited to material pollution (Paryavaran Mitra 2007). Noise is an inescapable by-product of the industrial environment, which is increasing with advances in industrialization and urbanization said by the Paryavaran Mitra foundation. Even in non-industrial areas, noise from such activities as printing, auto-repair, grinding, affects those living in the immediate surroundings. Noise travels through air and hence it is measured in ambient air quality level (Paryavaran Mitra 2007).
Most people including myself would never think that noise can harm the earth, but in so many ways it does. Noise is harmful to the way things grow, and the way humans react to certain things. Volcanoes and earthquakes are a byproduct of noise pollution which shows that noise pollution is major, because those two things truly harms the earth not only by the substance they come from, and how they are erupted, but both are extremely loud. So again we as humans need to understand and pay attention that even our daily loud music is interrupting the earth.
All four topics that I went over within pollution issues were major. Through all the research we as a society need to come together and figure solutions to make our pollution issue better. Not only does this issue create a problem with the earth, but our body and health as well and that should be a problem with us. Pollution is something that cannot and will not be fixed overnight but needs to be worked on. There are great research teams, and organizations that focus on pollution and its issues, but society has to help and do it as a whole, or it will not be done.
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