Politics

???­???«?®-?????±?±?????© ?‘?«?®??? ?°?? ?‘?®???°? ?????­???© ?? ?????«? ?±???? ?€?­???®?°?¬? ?¶???®?­?­?»?µ ?’???µ?­?®?«?®?????©.
?????®?? ?±?«?®??? ?°?? ?®???????«?????®??? ?­ ?? ?¦???°?­? ?«?? Computer World/Moscow (## 1-5 ?§?  1995 ???®?¤, ?°? ?§?¤???« ?????¬? ?­????? ?°?­? ?? ???­???®?°?¬? ??????? ), ?±?®?±??? ?????????«?? ??.?–????? ?­?®??
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AAI Application to Application Interface, ???­?????°?????©?± ?±?????§?? ?¬???¦?¤?? ???°???«?®?¦???­?????¬??
AAR automatic alternative routing, ?¬? ?°???°???????§? ?¶???? ?± ? ?????®?¬? ?????·???±?????¬ ?®???µ?®?¤?®?¬ ?­?????±???°? ???­?»?µ ???§?«?®??
ABC Application Building Classes, ???«? ?±?±?» ???®?±???°?®???­???? ???°???«?®?¦???­???©
ABI Application Binary Interface, ?¤???®???·?­?»?© ???­?????°?????©?± ???°???«?®?¦???­???©
ACD 1. automatic call distribution, ? ?????®?¬? ?????·???±???®?? ?°? ?±???°???¤???«???­???? ???»?§?®???®?? (?? ?±???±?????¬? ?µ ?????«?????®?­?­?®?© ?±?????§??); 2. automatic call distributor, ???±???°?®?©?±?????® ? ?????®?¬? ?????·???±???®???® ?°? ?±???°???¤???«???­???? ???»?§?®???®??
ACIA asynchronous communications interface adapter, ? ?¤? ???????° ? ?±???­?µ?°?®?­?­?®?© ?±?????§??
ACMS 1. Application Control and Management System, ?±???±?????¬?  ???®?­???°?®?«?? ?? ? ?¤?¬???­???±???°???°?®??? ?­???? ???°???«?®?¦???­???©; 2. Automated Connection Manager Server, ?±???°?????° ? ?????®?¬? ?????§???°?®??? ?­?­?®???® ?????°? ???«???­???? ?±?®???¤???­???­?????¬??
ACS automated cartridge system, ? ?????®?¬? ?????§???°?®??? ?­?­? ?? ??? ?°???°???¤?¦?­? ?? ?±???±?????¬? 
ADB Apple Desktop Bus, ?????­?  ?­? ?±???®?«???­?»?µ ?±???±?????¬ ?????°?¬?» Apple Computer
ADF Automatic Document Feeder, ? ?????®?¬? ?????·???±?????© ?§? ???°???§?·???? ?®?°???????­? ?«?®?? (?? ???®?????°?®??? ?«???­?®?¬ ???±???°?®?©?±??????)
ADL automated data library, ? ?????®?¬? ?????§???°?®??? ?­?­? ?? ???????«???®???????  ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ
ADMD Administration Management Domain, ?¤?®?¬???­ ? ?¤?¬???­???±???°? ???????­?®???® ?????°? ???«???­???? (?®???¤???«???­? ?? ?±??????, ???µ?®?¤????? ?? ?? Internet)
ADSL asymmetrical digital subscriber line, ? ?±???¬?¬?????°???·?­? ?? ?¶?????°?®??? ?? ? ???®?­???­???±??? ?? ?«???­????
AEC automatic error correction, ? ?????®?¬? ?????·???±???®?? ???±???°? ???«???­???? ?®???????®??
AES 1. Application Environment Specifications, ?±?????¶????????? ?¶???? ?±?°???¤?» ???°?????«? ?¤?­?»?µ ???°?®???°? ?¬?¬; 2. auto emulation switching, ? ?????®?¬? ?????·???±???®?? ?????°?????«???·???­???? ???¬???«???¶???? (?°???¦???¬ ? ?????®?¬? ?????·???±???®???® ?°? ?±???®?§?­? ??? ?­???? ???°???­?????°?®?¬ ?????°? ???«???????????® ???§?»???  ???µ?®?¤?­?®???® ???????±??? )
AFN Access Feeder Node, ???§???«, ?®?????±?????·????? ???????© ?¤?®?±?????? (?? ?±??????)
AIFF Audio Interchange File Format, ??? ?©?«?®???»?© ???®?°?¬? ?? ?¤?«?? ?®???¬???­?  ? ???¤???®?¤? ?­?­?»?¬??
ALM 1. Application Loadable Module, ???°???«?®?¦???­???? ?? ?????¤?? ?§? ???°???¦? ???¬?®???® ?¬?®?¤???«?? (NetWare); 2. AppWare Loadable Module, ?§? ???°???¦? ???¬?»?© ?¬?®?¤???«?? ?±?°???¤?» AppWare
AMIS Audio Messaging Interchange Specification, ?±?????¶????????? ?¶???? ?®???¬???­?  ?°???·?????»?¬?? ?±?®?®???????­?????¬??
AMLCD active matrix liquid-crystal display, ?¦???¤???®???°???±??? ?«?«???·???±?????© ?¤???±???«???© ?­?  ? ?????????­?®?© ?¬? ???°???¶??
AMP asymmetrical multiprocessing, ? ?±???¬?¬?????°???·?­? ?? ?¬???«?????????°?®?¶???±?±?®?°?­? ?? ?®???°? ???®????? 
AMPS Advanced Mobile Phone System, ???±?®?????°?????­?±?????®??? ?­?­? ?? ?±???±?????¬?  ?¬?®?????«???­?®?© ?°? ?¤???®?????«?????®?­?­?®?© ?±?????§?? (?±??? ?­?¤? ?°?? ?±?®???®???®?© ?±?????§?? ?? ?‘????)
ANDF Architecture Neutral Distribution Format, ?­???§? ?????±???¬?»?© ?®?? ? ?°?µ?????????????°?» ???®?°?¬? ?? ???«???????°?®?­?­?®???® ?°? ?±???°?®?±???°? ?­???­???? ????
ANI automatic number identification, ? ?????®?¬? ?????·???±???®?? ?®???°???¤???«???­???? ?­?®?¬???°?  (?????«?????®?­? )
AOCE Apple Open Collaboration Environment, ?®?????°?»??? ?? ?±?°???¤?  ???§? ???¬?®?¤???©?±???????? ?????°?¬?» Apple (?­? ???®?° ???­?????°?????©?±?®?? ???°?????«? ?¤?­?®???® ???°?®???°? ?¬?¬???°?®??? ?­????)
API Application Programming Interface, ???­?????°?????©?± ???°?????«? ?¤?­?®???® ???°?®???°? ?¬?¬???°?®??? ?­????
APM Advanced Power Management, ???±?®?????°?????­?±?????®??? ?­?­?®?? ?????°? ???«???­???? ??????? ?­?????¬ (?±??? ?­?¤? ?°??)
APPC Advanced Program-to-Program Communications, ?°? ?§??????? ?? ?±?????§?? ?¬???¦?¤?? ???°?®???°? ?¬?¬? ?¬?? (???­?????°?????©?± ?????°?¬?» IBM)
APPN Advanced Peer-to-Peer Networking, ?°? ?§??????? ?? ? ?°?µ?????????????°?  ?®?¤?­?®???°?®???­?????»?µ ?±???????© (?±?µ???¬?  ?¬? ?°???°???????§? ?¶???? ?????°?¬?» IBM ?¤?«?? ?±???????© SNA)
APT application programming tools, ???­?±???°???¬???­??? ?«???­?»?? ?±?°???¤?±?????  ???°?????«? ?¤?­?®???® ???°?®???°? ?¬?¬???°?®??? ?­????
ARL Access Rights List, ?±?????±?®?? ???°? ?? ?¤?®?±??????? 
ART 1. Adaptive Recognition Technology, ?????µ?­?®?«?®?????? ? ?¤? ?????????­?®???® ?°? ?±???®?§?­? ??? ?­???? (?®???°? ?§?®??); 2. Automatic Recognition Technology, ?????µ?­?®?«?®?????? ? ?????®?¬? ?????·???±???®???® ?°? ?±???®?§?­? ??? ?­???? (???­?????°?????©?±?  ???°???­?????°? )
ASA 1. American Software Association, ???¬???°????? ?­?±??? ?? ? ?±?±?®?¶??? ?¶???? ???°?®???°? ?¬?¬?­?®???® ?®?????±?????·???­????; 2. American Standards Association, ???¬???°????? ?­?±??? ?? ? ?±?±?®?¶??? ?¶???? ???® ?±??? ?­?¤? ?°?????§? ?¶????
ASD automated software distribution, ? ?????®?¬? ?????§???°?®??? ?­?­?®?? ?°? ?±???°?®?±???°? ?­???­???? ???°?®???°? ?¬?¬?­?®???® ?®?????±?????·???­????
ASE Accredited System Engineer, ?????®?«?­?®?¬?®?·???­?­?»?© ???­?¦???­???°-?±???±?????¬?®?????µ?­????
ASF automatic sheet feed, ? ?????®?¬? ?????·???±??? ?? ???®?¤? ?·?  ?????¬? ???? (?? ???°???­?????°??)
ASR automatic speech recognition, ? ?????®?¬? ?????·???±???®?? ?°? ?±???®?§?­? ??? ?­???? ?°???·??
ATDM asynchronous time division multiplexing, ? ?±???­?µ?°?®?­?­?®?? ?¬???«?????????«?????±???°?®??? ?­???? ?± ?°? ?§?¤???«???­?????¬ ???°???¬???­?? (???°???¬???­?­?®?? ?????«?®???­???­????)
ATM 1. Asynchronous Transfer Mode, ?°???¦???¬ ? ?±???­?µ?°?®?­?­?®?© ?????°???¤? ?·??; 2. Automatic Teller Machine, 1) ???®?°???®???»?© ? ?????®?¬? ??, 2) ??? ?­???®???±?????© ? ?????®?¬? ??, ??? ?­???®?¬? ??
AUI 1. Access Unit Interface, ???­?????°?????©?± ???±???°?®?©?±???? ?¤?®?±??????? ; 2. attachment unit interface, ???­?????°?????©?± ???±???°?®?©?±???? ???®?¤???«???·???­????
AVI Audio Video Interlaced, ?·???°???¤?®??? ?­???? ? ???¤???® ?? ?????¤???® (?????µ?­?®?«?®?????? ?????°?¬?» Microsoft ?? ?®???«? ?±???? ?±???±?????¬ ?¬???«???????¬???¤??? )
AVNP Autonomous Virtual Network Protocol, ???°?®???®???®?« ? ?????®?­?®?¬?­?®?© ?????°????? ?«???­?®?© ?±??????
AVR automatic voice recognition, ? ?????®?¬? ?????·???±???®?? ?°? ?±???®?§?­? ??? ?­???? ?°???·?? (???®?«?®?±? )
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BCS basic catalog structure, ??? ?§?®??? ?? ?±???°?????????°?  ??? ??? ?«?®??? 
BDC backup domain controller, ?°???§???°???­?»?© ???®?­???°?®?«?«???° ?¤?®?¬???­?  (?±?¬. ??? ???¦?? PDC)
BFS Boot File System, ?§? ???°???§?®?·?­? ?? ??? ?©?«?®??? ?? ?±???±?????¬?  (???®?¤?¤???°?¦????? ????? ?? ?§? ???°???§???? ?­???§? ?????±???¬?® ?®?? ???±???®?«???§?????¬?®?© ??? ?©?«?®???®?© ?±???±?????¬?»)
BFT binary file transfer, ?????°???¤? ?·?  ?¤???®???·?­?»?µ ??? ?©?«?®?? (?±??? ?­?¤? ?°??)
BNA Broadband Network Architecture, ? ?°?µ?????????????°?  ?????°?®???®???®?«?®?±?­?»?µ ?±???????© (???°???¤?«?®?¦???­?  ?????°?¬?®?© IBM)
BOP bit-oriented protocol, ???°?®???®???®?« ???®???????®???®?© ?????°???¤? ?·?? ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ
BPR Business Process Reengineering, ?°???®?°??? ?­???§? ?¶???? (?°?????­?¦???­???°???­??) ?±???±?????¬?» ?????¤???­???? ?????§?­???±? 
BRIM Bridge Router Interface Module, ???­?????°?????©?±?­?»?© ?¬?®?¤???«?? ?¬?®?±??? /?¬? ?°???°???????§? ???®?°? 
BTAC branch target address cache, ??????-??? ?¬?????? ? ?¤?°???±?®?? ?????????«???­???©
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CAM Controlled Attachment Module, ?????°? ???«?????¬?»?© ?¬?®?¤???«?? ???®?¤???«???·???­???? ?? ?±?°???¤??
CAS Communication Application Specification, ?±?????¶????????? ?¶???? ???°???«?®?¦???­???© ?±?????§?? (?±??? ?­?¤? ?°??, ?°? ?§?°? ???®??? ?­?­?»?© ?????°?¬? ?¬?? Intel ?? Digital Communications Associates)
CASE Computer-Aided Software Engineering, ?±???±?????¬?  ? ?????®?¬? ?????§???°?®??? ?­?­?®?© ?°? ?§?°? ???®?????? ???°?®???°? ?¬?¬
CAV Constant Angular Velocity, 1) ???®?±???®???­?­? ?? ?????«?®??? ?? ?±???®?°?®?±????, 2) ?±?®?®?????????±?????????????© ?±???®?±?®?? ?§? ?????±?? ???­???®?°?¬? ?¶???? ?­?  ?«? ?§???°?­?»?© ?¤???±??, 3) ?±?®?®?????????±?????????????© ???®?°?¬? ?? ?«? ?§???°?­?®???® ?¤???±???  (???®?¤?¤???°?¦????? ???????© ???®??? ???®???»?© ?§? ?µ??? ??)
CCIA Computer and Communucations Industry Association, ???±?±?®?¶??? ?¶???? ???°?®???§???®?¤???????«???© ?±?°???¤?±???? ???»?·???±?«???????«???­?®?© ?????µ?­?????? ?? ?±?????§?? (?‘????)
CDDI Copper Distributed Data Interface, ?°? ?±???°???¤???«???­?­?»?© ???­?????°?????©?± ?????°???¤? ?·?? ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ ???® ??? ?????«???­?»?¬ ?«???­?????¬ (??? ?°??? ?­?? FDDI ?¤?«?? ??? ?????«???­?»?µ ?«???­???©)
CDE 1. Common Desktop Environment, ?®????? ?? ???»?·???±?«???????«???­? ?? ?±?°???¤?  ?¤?«?? ?­? ?±???®?«???­?»?µ ?±???±?????¬; 2. Cooperative Development Environment, ?±?°???¤?  ???®?«?«???????????­?®?© ?°? ?§?°? ???®?????? ???°?®???°? ?¬?¬ (?±??? ?­?¤? ?°???­? ?? ?±?????¶????????? ?¶???? Unix)
CDFS CD-ROM File System, ??? ?©?«?®??? ?? ?±???±?????¬?  ?­?  ???®?¬??? ????-?¤???±??? ?µ
CDI (CD-I) compact disk interactive, ???­?????°? ?????????­?»?© ???®?¬??? ????-?¤???±??
CDMA Code Division Multiple Access, ?¬?­?®?¦???±???????­?­?»?© ?¤?®?±?????? ?± ???®?¤?®???»?¬ ?°? ?§?¤???«???­?????¬ (??? ?­? ?«?®??)
CDPD Cellular Digital Packet Data, ??? ???????» ?¶?????°?®???»?µ ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ ?±?®???®???®?© ?±?????? (?±??? ?­?¤? ?°?? ?­?  ?????°???±?»?«???? ??? ???????®?? ???® ?­?? ???±???®?«???§?????¬?»?¬ ?? ?¤? ?­?­?®?? ???°???¬?? ?«???­?????¬ ?°???·?????®?© ?±?????§?? ?? ?±?®???®???®?© ?±??????)
CD-ROM Compact Disk Read-Only Memory, ???‡?“ ?­?  ???®?¬??? ????-?¤???±??? ?µ
CEM contract electronic manufacturers, ???§???®???®?????????«?? ???«???????°?®?­?­?®?© ? ????? ?°? ?????°?» (?±?¬?®?­?????°?®??? ?­?­?»?µ ?????·? ???­?»?µ ???«? ??) ?­?  ?§? ??? ?§
CEO Chief Executive Officer, ???«? ???­?»?© ? ?¤?¬???­???±???°? ???®?°, ???±???®?«?­???????«???­?»?© ?¤???°???????®?°, ?°? ?±???®?°???¤???????«?? (?????°?¬?»)
CGI Computer Graphics Interface, ???­?????°?????©?± ?¬? ?????­?­?®?© ???°? ????????
CGM computer graphics metafile, ?¬????? ??? ?©?« ?¬? ?????­?­?®?© ???°? ???????? (?±??? ?­?¤? ?°???­?»?© ???®?°?¬? ?? ?µ?°? ?­???­???? ?? ?????°???¤? ?·?? ???§?®???°? ?¦???­???©)
CIC 1. carrier (circuit) identification code, ???®?¤ ???¤???­??????????? ?¶???? ??? ?­? ?«? ; 2. commercial Internet carriers, ???®?±??? ?????????? ???«? ???­?»?µ ???±?«???? ?? ?±?????? Internet
CIDR Classless Inter-Domain Routing, ?????±???«? ?±?±?®??? ?? ?¬???¦?¤?®?¬???­?­? ?? ?¬? ?°???°???????§? ?¶????
CIF 1. Common Intermediate Format, ???¤???­?»?© ???°?®?¬???¦?????®?·?­?»?© ???®?°?¬? ?? (?±??? ?­?¤? ?°?? ?­?  ?°? ?§?°????? ???????? ?±???®?±?®???­?®?±???? ???°?? ?¶?????°?®???®?¬ ???®?¤???°?®??? ?­????/?¤?????®?¤???°?®??? ?­???? ?????¤???®?±?????­? ?«?®??); 2. Customer Information File, ??? ?©?« ???­???®?°?¬? ?¶???? ?® ?§? ??? ?§?·?????? CIO Chief Information Officer, ?°?????®???®?¤???????«?? ???­???®?°?¬? ?¶???®?­?­?®?© ?±?«???¦???» (???®?¬??? ?­????)
CIT computer-integrated telephony, ???®?¬???????????°?­? ?? ?????«?????®?­????
CLI Call Level Interface, ???­?????°?????©?± ?­?  ???°?®???­?? ???»?§?®???®?? (???®?¬?¬???­????? ?¶???®?­?­?»?© ???­?????°?????©?± ?¤?«?? ?®?????±?????·???­???? ?±?????§?? ?¬???¦?¤?? ?°? ?§?«???·?­?»?¬?? ??? ?§? ?¬?? ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ)
CLNP Connectionless Network Protocol, ?±?????????®?© ???°?®???®???®?« ?????°???¤? ?·?? ?????§ ???±??? ?­?®???«???­???? ?±?®???¤???­???­????
CLUT Color Look Up Table, ??? ???«???¶?  ?¶???????®??
CLV Constant Linear Velocity, 1) ???®?±???®???­?­? ?? ?«???­???©?­? ?? ?±???®?°?®?±????, 2) ?±?®?®?????????±?????????????© ?±???®?±?®?? ?§? ?????±?? ???­???®?°?¬? ?¶???? ?­?  ?«? ?§???°?­?»?© ?¤???±??, 3) ?±?®?®?????????±?????????????© ???®?°?¬? ?? ?«? ?§???°?­?®???® ?¤???±??? 
CM 1. Configuration Management, ?????°? ???«???­???? ???®?­?????????°? ?¶?????© (?±?????????»?µ ???±???°?®?©?±????); 2. control module, ?????°? ???«?????????© ?¬?®?¤???«??
CMA Communications Managers Association, ???±?±?®?¶??? ?¶???? ?¬???­???¤?¦???°?®?? ?? ?®???«? ?±???? ?±?????§?? (?‘????)
CMIP Common Management Information Protocol, ?®???????© ???°?®???®???®?« ?????°???¤? ?·?? ?????°? ???«?????????© ???­???®?°?¬? ?¶????
CMS 1. Call Management System, ?±???±?????¬?  ?????°? ???«???­???? (?????«?????®?­?­?»?¬??) ???»?§?®??? ?¬??; 2. Color Management System, ?±???±?????¬?  ?????°? ???«???­???? ?¶???????®?¬
CMVC configuration management and version control, ?????°? ???«???­???? ???®?­?????????°? ?¶?????© ?? ???®?­???°?®?«?? ?????°?±???©
CMW compartmented mode workstation, ?°? ???®?·? ?? ?±??? ?­?¶????, ?????­???¶???®?­???°??????? ?? ?? ?±?????? ???§?®?«???°?®??? ?­?­?® ?®?? ?¤?°???????µ
CNLP Connectionless Network Layer Protocol, ???°?®???®???®?« ?±?????????®???® ???°?®???­?? ?????§ ???±??? ?­?®???«???­???? ?±?®???¤???­???­???? (???°?®???®???®?« ???????  “?¬? ?°???°???????§? ???®?° – ?¬? ?°???°???????§? ???®?°” ?????§ ?®?°??? ?­???§? ?¶???? ?????°???¤? ?·?? ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ)
CNM Customer Network Management, ?????°? ???«???­???? ? ???®?­???­???±???®?© ?±????????
CNX Certified Network Expert, ?±???°?????????¶???°?®??? ?­?­?»?© ?±?????¶??? ?«???±?? ???® ?±???????¬
CODE Client/Server Open Development Environment, ?®?????°?»??? ?? ?±?°???¤?  ?°? ?§?°? ???®?????? ???°?®???°? ?¬?¬ ???????  ???«?????­??/?±???°?????°
COP character-oriented protocol, ???°?®???®???®?« ???®?±???¬???®?«???­?®?© ?????°???¤? ?·?? ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ
COR connection-oriented routing, ?¬? ?°???°???????§? ?¶????, ?®?°?????­?????°?®??? ?­?­? ?? ?­?  ???±??? ?­?®???«???­???? ?±?®???¤???­???­???©
CORBA Common Object Request Broker Architecture, ???¤???­? ?? ? ?°?µ?????????????°?  ???°?®???°? ?¬?¬?»-???°?®?????°?  ?®???????????­?»?µ ?§? ???°?®?±?®?? (?±?®?±??? ???­? ?? ?·? ?±???? OMA)
COSE Common Open Software Environment, ?®????? ?? ?±?°???¤?  ?®?????°?»???®???® ???°?®???°? ?¬?¬?­?®???® ?®?????±?????·???­???? (?±??? ?­?¤? ?°??)
CPI (cpi) 1. characters per inch, ?·???±?«?® ?§?­? ???®?? ?­?  ?¤???©?¬; 2. Common Programming Interface, ???¤???­?»?© ???­?????°?????©?± ???°?®???°? ?¬?¬???°?®??? ?­???? (?±??? ?­?¤? ?°?? IBM ?¤?«?? ???°?®???®???®?«?®?? ???±??? ?­?®???«???­???? ?±?????§?? ?? ?±??? ?­?±?®?? ???­???®?°?¬? ?¶???®?­?­?®???® ?®???¬???­? )
CRC cyclic redundancy check, ???®?­???°?®?«?? ?± ???±???®?«???§?®??? ?­?????¬ ?¶?????«???·???±???®???® ???§???»???®?·?­?®???® ???®?¤? 
CRS customer response system, ?±???±?????¬?  ?®???°? ???­?®?© ?±?????§?? ?± ???®???°???????????«???¬
CRU customer replaceable unit, ???«?®??, ?§? ?¬???­?????¬?»?© ???®?«???§?®??? ?????«???¬
CSDN circuit-switched data network, ?±?????? ?????°???¤? ?·?? ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ ?± ???®?¬?¬????? ?¶?????© ??? ?­? ?«?®??
CSMA/CD Carrier Sense Mutiple Access/Collision Detection, ?¬?­?®?¦???±???????­?­?»?© ?¤?®?±?????? ?± ???®?­???°?®?«???¬ ?­?®?±???????«?? ?? ?®???­? ?°???¦???­?????¬ ???®?­???«???????®?? (?±??? ?­?¤? ?°???­?»?© ???°?®???®???®?«)
CSTA Computer Supported Telecommunications Application, ???°???¬???­???­???? ?????«?????®?¬?¬???­????? ?¶???®?­?­?»?µ ?????µ?­?®?«?®?????© ?± ???±???®?«???§?®??? ?­?????¬ ???»?·???±?«???????«???­?®?© ?????µ?­?????? (?±??? ?­?¤? ?°?? ECMA)
CUA Common User Access, ???¤???­?»?© ???®?«???§?®??? ?????«???±?????© ?¤?®?±?????? (?±??? ?­?¤? ?°?? IBM ?¤?«?? ???­?????°?????©?±?  ???®?«???§?®??? ?????«???±?????µ ???°?®???°? ?¬?¬)
CVF Compressed Volume File, ??? ?©?« ?±?¦? ???®???® ???®?¬? 
CVI Compressed Video Interoperability, ???§? ???¬?®?¤???©?±???????? ???°?? ?°? ???®???? ?± ?????«?®???­???­?­?»?¬?? ?????¤???®?¤? ?­?­?»?¬?? (???°?®???®???®?«)
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DA disk array, ?¤???±???®??? ?? ?¬? ???°???¶? 
DAE Distributed Application Environment, ?±?°???¤?  ?°? ?±???°???¤???«???­?­?»?µ ???°???«?®?¦???­???©
DAMA demand-assignment multiple access, ?¬?­?®?¦???±???????­?­?»?© ?¤?®?±?????? ?± ???°???¤?®?±??? ???«???­?????¬ ??? ?­? ?«?  ???® ???°?????®??? ?­????
DANS Distributed Administration of Network Software, ?°? ?±???°???¤???«???­?­?®?? ?????°? ???«???­???? ?±?????????»?¬ ???°?®???°? ?¬?¬?­?»?¬ ?®?????±?????·???­?????¬ (?????°?¬?  Sun)
DAP 1. Database Access Point, ?¬???±???® ?¤?®?±???????  ?? ??? ?§?? ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ (?? ?±??????); 2. Directory Access Protocol, ???°?®???®???®?« ?¤?®?±???????  ?? ??? ??? ?«?®??? ?¬
DAS 1. data acquisition system, ?±???±?????¬?  ?±???®?°?  ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ; 2. dual attachment station, ?±??? ?­?¶???? ?± ?¤???®?©?­?»?¬ ???®?¤???«???·???­?????¬ (?? ?±??????)
DASD direct-access storage device, ?§? ???®?¬???­? ???????? ???±???°?®?©?±?????® ?± ???°???¬?»?¬ ?¤?®?±???????®?¬, ?‡?“???„
DBCL database control language, ???§?»?? ?????°? ???«???­???? ??? ?§? ?¬?? ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ
DBMS Database Management System, ?±???±?????¬?  ?????°? ???«???­???? ??? ?§? ?¬?? ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ, ?‘?“???„
DBR dial-up bridge/router, ?¬?®?±??/?¬? ?°???°???????§? ???®?°, ???±??? ?­? ???«????? ???¬?»?© ?? ???®?¬?¬???????°?????¬?»?µ ?«???­?????µ
DCB Domain Control Database, ?????°? ???«??????? ?? ??? ?§?  ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ ?¤?®?¬???­?  (??? ??? ?«?®??, ?±?®?¤???°?¦? ?????© ???­???®?°?¬? ?¶???? ?® ???±???µ ?±?®???¬???±???­?® ???±???®?«???§?????¬?»?µ ?°???±???°?±? ?µ ?¤?®?¬???­? )
DCC Digital Compact Cassette, ?¶?????°?®??? ?? ???®?¬??? ????-??? ?±?±????? 
DCE 1. data communications equipment, ? ????? ?°? ?????°?  ?????°???¤? ?·?? ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ, ?????„; 2. Distributed Computing Environment, ?±?°???¤?  ?°? ?±???°???¤???«???­?­?»?µ ???»?·???±?«???­???©
DDB distributed database, ?°? ?±???°???¤???«???­?­? ?? ??? ?§?  ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ
DDBMS distributed database management system, ?±???±?????¬?  ?????°? ???«???­???? ?°? ?±???°???¤???«???­?­?»?¬?? ??? ?§? ?¬?? ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ
DDCMP digital data communication message protocol, ???°?®???®???®?« ?¶?????°?®???®?© ?????°???¤? ?·?? ?±?®?®???????­???©
DDCS Distributed Data Communications Server, ?±???°?????° ?±?????§?? ?± ?°? ?±???°???¤???«???­?­?»?¬?? ?¤? ?­?­?»?¬??
DDE 1. direct data entry, ???°???¬?®?© ?????®?¤ ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ; 2. Dynamic Data Exchange, ?¤???­? ?¬???·???±?????© ?®???¬???­ ?¤? ?­?­?»?¬??
DDL Data Definition Language, ???§?»?? ?®?????±? ?­???? ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ
DDM Distributed Data Management, ?°? ?±???°???¤???«???­?­?®?? ?????°? ???«???­???? ?¤? ?­?­?»?¬??
DDP distributed data processing, ?°? ?±???°???¤???«???­?­? ?? ?®???°? ???®?????  ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ
DEMARC Distributed Enterprise Management Architecture, ?°? ?±???°???¤???«???­?­? ?? ? ?°?µ?????????????°?  ?????°? ???«???­???? ?±???????? ?¬? ?±????? ???  ???°???¤???°?????????? (?°? ?§?°? ???®??? ?­?  ?????°?¬?®?© Banyan)
DEN Document Enabled Networking, ?±????????? ?? ?±?°???¤? , ???®?¤?¤???°?¦????? ????? ?? ?°? ???®???? ?± ?¤?®?????¬???­??? ?¬?? (???¤???­? ?? ?¬?®?¤???«?? ?°? ?±???°?®?±???°? ?­???­???? ?¤?®?????¬???­???®?? ?? NetWare ?­???§? ?????±???¬?® ?®?? ???µ ???®?°?¬?»)
DES Data (Digital) Encryption Standard, ?±??? ?­?¤? ?°?? ???????°?®??? ?­???? ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ
DFS Distributed File Services (System), ?°? ?±???°???¤???«???­?­? ?? ??? ?©?«?®??? ?? ?±?«???¦???  (?±???±?????¬? )
DFT Disk Failure (Fault) Tolerance, ?±?°???¤?±?????  ???®?¤?¤???°?¦???? ?®????? ?§?®???±???®?©?·?????®?±???? ?¤???±??? 
DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol, ???°?®???®???®?« ?¤???­? ?¬???·???±???®?© ?­? ?±???°?®?©???? ???®?­?????????°? ?¶???? ???«? ???­?®?© ???‚?? (?¬?????®?¤ ?????°? ???«???­???? ???­???®?°?¬? ?¶?????© ?® ?±?????????»?µ ????-???«?????­??? ?µ ?± ?????«?????  ?µ?®?±??-???‚??)
DIP 1. document and image processing, ?®???°? ???®?????  ?¤?®?????¬???­???®?? ?? ???§?®???°? ?¦???­???©; 2. dual-in-line package, ?¤?????µ?°???¤?­?»?© ???®?°?????±, ???®?°?????± ?„?€?? (?¬?????°?®?±?µ???¬?  ?± ?¤?????µ?°???¤?­?»?¬ ?°? ?±???®?«?®?¦???­?????¬ ???»???®?¤?®??)
DISA 1. Data Interchange Standards Association, ???±?±?®?¶??? ?¶???? ???® ?±??? ?­?¤? ?°??? ?¬ ?®???¬???­?  ?¤? ?­?­?»?¬?? (?‘????); 2. direct inward system access, ???°???¬?®?© ???­?????°???±???±?????¬?­?»?© ?¤?®?±??????
DL distribution lists, ?±?????±???? ?°? ?±?±?»?«????
DLCI data link control identifier, ?????°? ???«?????????© ???¤???­??????????? ???®?° ??? ?­? ?«?  ?????°???¤? ?·?? ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ
DLCP Data Link Control Protocol, ???°?®???®???®?« ?????°? ???«???­???? ??? ?­? ?«?®?¬ ?????°???¤? ?·?? ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ
DLL Dynamic Link Library, ?¤???­? ?¬???·???±???? ???®?¬???®?­?????¬? ?? ???????«???®??????? 
DLMS Digital Link Management System, ?±???±?????¬?  ?????°? ???«???­???? ?¶?????°?®???»?¬?? ?«???­?????¬?? ?????°???¤? ?·?? ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ
DLSw Data Link Switching, ???®?¬?¬????? ?¶???? ??? ?­? ?«?®?? ?????°???¤? ?·?? ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ (?±?????¶????????? ?¶???? ?????°?¬?» IBM)
DMD digital micromirror display, ?¶?????°?®???®?© ?¬?????°?®?§???°??? ?«???­?»?© (???°?®?????¶???®?­?­?»?©) ?¤???±???«???©
DME Distributed Management Environment, ?±?°???¤?  ?°? ?±???°???¤???«???­?­?®???® ?????°? ???«???­????
DMI Desktop Management Interface, ???­?????°?????©?± ?????°? ???«???­???? ?­? ?±???®?«???­?»?¬?? ?±???±?????¬? ?¬?? (?°? ?§?°? ???®??? ?­ ???°???????®?© DMTF)
DMS 1. Data Management System, ?±???±?????¬?  ?????°? ???«???­???? ?¤? ?­?­?»?¬??; 2. Document Management Service (System), ?±?«???¦???  (?±???±?????¬? ) ?????°? ???«???­???? ?¤?®?????¬???­??? ?¬??
DMTF Desktop Management Task Force, ?°? ???®?·? ?? ???°???????  ???® ?????°? ???«???­???? ?­? ?±???®?«???­?»?¬?? ?±???±?????¬? ?¬?? (???®?­?±?®?°?¶?????¬ ???°?®???§???®?¤???????«???© ????, ?°? ?§?°? ??? ???»??? ???????© ?®?????°?»???»?© ?±??? ?­?¤? ?°???­?»?© ?¬?????®?¤ ?¤?®?±???????  ?? ???­???®?°?¬? ?¶???? ?? ?­? ?±???®?«???­?»?µ ????)
DNS Domain Name System (Service), ?±???±?????¬?  (?±?«???¦??? ) ???¬???­?®??? ?­???? ?¤?®?¬???­?®?? (???°?®???®???®?« ?®???±?«???¦????? ?­???? ??? ??? ?«?®???®?? ?? TCP/IP)
DOAPI DOS Open API, ?®?????°?»???»?© ???­?????°?????©?± ???°?????«? ?¤?­?®???® ???°?®???°? ?¬?¬???°?®??? ?­???? ?? ?±?°???¤?? DOS
DOE Distributed Object Environment, ?°? ?±???°???¤???«???­?­? ?? ?®???????????­? ?? ?±?°???¤?  (???°???¤?«?®?¦???­?  ?????°?¬?®?© SunSoft)
DOMS Distributed Object Management System, ?±???±?????¬?  ?????°? ???«???­???? ?°? ?±???°???¤???«???­?­?»?¬?? ?®??????????? ?¬??
DPM 1. data processing manager, ???°?®???°? ?¬?¬?  ?????°? ???«???­???? ?®???°? ???®?????®?© ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ; 2. dual processor mode, ?¤?????µ???°?®?¶???±?±?®?°?­? ?? ?®???°? ???®????? 
DPMI DOS Protected Mode Interface, ???­?????°?????©?± ?§? ?????????­?­?®???® ?°???¦???¬?  ?? ?±?°???¤?? DOS
DPP distributed parallel processing, ?°? ?±???°???¤???«???­?­? ?? ??? ?°? ?«?«???«???­? ?? ?®???°? ???®?????  (?¤? ?­?­?»?µ)
DPS 1. Distributed Processing System, ?°? ?±???°???¤???«???­?­? ?? ?±???±?????¬?  ?®???°? ???®?????? ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ; 2. Document Processing System, ?±???±?????¬?  ?®???°? ???®?????? ?¤?®?????¬???­???®??
DRAM Dynamic Random-Access Memory, ?¤???­? ?¬???·???±??? ?? ?®?????°? ???????­? ?? ??? ?¬??????, ?¤???­? ?¬???·???±???®?? ?‡?“ ?± ???°?®???§???®?«???­?®?© ???»???®?°???®?©, ?„?‡?“???‚
DRAW direct read after write, ?±?·?????»??? ?­???? ?­?????®?±?°???¤?±???????­?­?® ???®?±?«?? ?§? ?????±??
DRDA Distributed Relational Database Architecture, ?°? ?±???°???¤???«???­?­? ?? ? ?°?µ?????????????°?  ?°???«???¶???®?­?­?»?µ ??? ?§ ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ (?±??? ?­?¤? ?°?? ?????°?¬?» IBM)
DSA 1. Digital Signature Algorithm, ? ?«???®?°?????¬ ?¶?????°?®???®?© ???®?¤?????±??; 2. Directory System Agent, ?±???±?????¬?­?»?© ? ?????­?? ??? ??? ?«?®??? ; 3. Dynamic Scalable Architecture, ?¤???­? ?¬???·???±??? ?? ?°? ?±?????°?????¬? ?? ? ?°?µ?????????????°? 
DSDD double-sided double-density, ?¤?????±???®?°?®?­?­???? ?¤???±???????  ?± ?¤???®?©?­?®?© ???«?®???­?®?±?????? ?§? ?????±??
DSOM Distributed System Object Model, ?¬?®?¤???«?? ?°? ?±???°???¤???«???­?­?»?µ ?±???±?????¬?­?»?µ ?®???????????®??
DSSD double-sided single-density, ?¤?????±???®?°?®?­?­???? ?¤???±???????  ?± ?®?¤???­? ?°?­?®?© ???«?®???­?®?±?????? ?§? ?????±??
DTP distributed transaction processing, ?°? ?±???°???¤???«???­?­? ?? ?®???°? ???®?????  ???°? ?­?§? ???¶???©
DV digital video, ?¶?????°?®???®?? ?????¤???®
DVE Digital Video Editor, ?±?°???¤?±?????  ?°???¤? ???????°?®??? ?­???? ?¶?????°?®???»?µ ?????¤???®?¤? ?­?­?»?µ
DXI Data Exchange Interface, ???­?????°?????©?± ?®???¬???­?  ?¤? ?­?­?»?¬??
DXS Directory Exchange Server, ?±???°?????° ?®???¬???­?  ??? ??? ?«?®??? ?¬??
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EAD Enhanced Access Diversity, ???«???·?????­?­?»?© ?¬?­?®???®??? ?°??? ?­???­?»?© ?¤?®?±?????? (?¬?????®?¤ ?¬? ?°???°???????§? ?¶????)
EASE Embedded Advanced Sampling Environment, ???±???°?®???­?­? ?? ?±?°???¤?  ?®???°?®?±?  ?± ?¤?®???®?«?­???????«???­?»?¬?? ???®?§?¬?®?¦?­?®?±?????¬?? (?±???±?????¬?  ?±???®?°?  ?? ? ?­? ?«???§?  ?±??? ?????±???????? ???® ?±?????????®?¬?? ???°? ???????? ?± ???°???¤?®?±??? ???«???­?????¬ ?????®?© ???­???®?°?¬? ?¶???? ? ?¤?¬???­???±???°? ???®?°??)
EBB electronic bulletin board, ???«???????°?®?­?­? ?? ?¤?®?±???  ?®?????????«???­???©
EBR Enterprise Backup and Restore, ?±???±?????¬?  ?°???§???°???­?®???® ???®?????°?®??? ?­???? ?? ???®?±?±??? ?­?®???«???­???? ???­???®?°?¬? ?¶???? ?? ?±?????? ?¬? ?±????? ???  ???°???¤???°??????????
ECC Error-Correcting Code, ???®?¤ ?± ???±???°? ???«???­?????¬ ?®???????®??
ECMA European Computer Manufacturers Association, ?…???°?®?????©?±??? ?? ? ?±?±?®?¶??? ?¶???? ???°?®???§???®?¤???????«???© ???»?·???±?«???????«???­?®?© ?????µ?­??????
ECNE Enterprise Certified NetWare Engineer, ?±???°?????????¶???°?®??? ?­?­?»?© ???­?¦???­???° ???® ?????±???«??? ??? ?¶???? NetWare ?? ?±?????? ?¬? ?±????? ???  ???°???¤???°??????????
ECS external cache socket, ???­???§?¤?® ?¤?«?? ???®?¤???«???·???­???? ???­?????­???© ??????-??? ?¬??????
EDCC error detection and correction code, ???®?¤ ?± ?®???­? ?°???¦???­?????¬ ?? ???±???°? ???«???­?????¬ ?®???????®??
EDD Electronic Document Delivery, ???«???????°?®?­?­? ?? ?¤?®?±??? ?????  ?¤?®?????¬???­???®??
EDMS Electronic Document Management System, ?±???±?????¬?  ?????°? ???«???­???? ???«???????°?®?­?­?»?¬?? ?¤?®?????¬???­??? ?¬??
EIN electronic ID number, ???«???????°?®?­?­?»?© ???¤???­?????????¶???°?????????© ?­?®?¬???°
EIS executive information system, ???­???®?°?¬? ?¶???®?­?­? ?? ?±???±?????¬?  ?¤?«?? ?°?????®???®?¤???????µ ?±?®???°???¤?­?????®??
EISA Extended Industry Standard Architecture, ?°? ?±?????°???­?­? ?? ???°?®?¬?»???«???­?­? ?? ?±??? ?­?¤? ?°???­? ?? ? ?°?µ?????????????°?  (?????? ?±???±?????¬?­?®?© ?????­?»)
EMMI Enhanced Multimedia Interface, ???±?®?????°?????­?±?????®??? ?­?­?»?© ???­?????°?????©?± ?¬???«???????¬???¤???  (?°? ?§?°? ???®??? ?­ ???®?°???®?°? ?¶?????© AT&T)
EMX Enterprise Mail Exchange, ? ?????®?¬? ?????·???±??? ?? ???®?¬?¬????? ?¶???? ?±?®?®???????­???© ?? ?±?????? ?¬? ?±????? ???  ???°???¤???°??????????
EN end node, ???®?­???·?­?»?© ???§???« (?? ?±??????)
ENMS enterprise network management system, ?±???±?????¬?  ?????°? ???«???­???? ?±???????? ?¬? ?±????? ???  ???°???¤???°??????????
EOM event-oriented modelling, ?¬?®?¤???«???°?®??? ?­????, ?®?°?????­?????°?®??? ?­?­?®?? ?­?  ?±?®???»??????
ES enterprise system, (?±????????? ??) ?±???±?????¬?  ?¬? ?±????? ???  ???°???¤???°??????????
ESCON Enterprise System Connection, ?±?????§?? ?±???±?????¬ ?? ?±?????? ?¬? ?±????? ???  ???°???¤???°??????????
ESD Electronic Software Distribution, ???«???????°?®?­?­?®?? ?°? ?±???°?®?±???°? ?­???­???? ???°?®???°? ?¬?¬?­?®???® ?®?????±?????·???­????
ESDL electronic software distribution and licensing, ???«???????°?®?­?­?®?? ?°? ?±???°?®?±???°? ?­???­???? ?? ?«???¶???­?§???°?®??? ?­???? ???°?®???°? ?¬?¬?­?®???® ?®?????±?????·???­????
ESL electronic software licensing, ???«???????°?®?­?­?®?? ?«???¶???­?§???°?®??? ?­???? ???°?®???°? ?¬?¬?­?®???® ?®?????±?????·???­????
ESM 1. Enterprise Storage Manager, ???°?®???°? ?¬?¬?  ?????°? ???«???­???? ???­?????­???© ??? ?¬???????? ?? ?±?????? ?¬? ?±????? ???  ???°???¤???°??????????; 2. Ethernet Switching Module, ???®?¬?¬????? ?¶???®?­?­?»?© ?¬?®?¤???«?? ?±???? Ethernet
ETC Enhanced Throughput Cellular, ???±?®?????°?????­?±?????®??? ?­?­? ?? ?±?®???®??? ?? ?±?????§?? (???°?®???®???®?« ???®?°???®?°? ?¶???? AT&T ?¤?«?? ???±???°? ???«???­???? ?®???????®?? ?????°???¤? ?·?? ?? ?±?®???®???»?µ ?±???????µ)
ETSI European Telecommunications Standards Institute, ?…???°?®?????©?±?????© ???­?±?????????? ???® ?±??? ?­?¤? ?°??? ?¬ ?? ?®???«? ?±???? ?????«?????®?¬?¬???­????? ?¶???©
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FAT File Allocation Table, ??? ???«???¶?  ?°? ?§?¬???????­???? ??? ?©?«?®?? (?? ?®?????°? ?¶???®?­?­?®?© ?±???±?????¬?? DOS)
FCS Fiber Channel Standard, ?±??? ?­?¤? ?°?? ?­?  ???®?«?®???®?­?­?®-?®???????·???±?????? ??? ?­? ?«?»
FCSI Fiber Channel System Initiative, ???­???¶??? ???????  ???® ?±???±?????¬?? ???®?«?®???®?­?­?®-?®???????·???±???®?© ?±?????§?? (?±?®???¬???±???­? ?? ???°?®???°? ?¬?¬?  Sun Microsystems, IBM ?? Hewlett-Packard)
FDD Floppy Disk Drive, ?­? ???®?????????«?? ?­?  ???????????µ ?¬? ???­?????­?»?µ ?¤???±??? ?µ, ???????„
FDDI Fiber Distributed Data Interface, ?°? ?±???°???¤???«???­?­?»?© ???­?????°?????©?± ?????°???¤? ?·?? ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ ???® ???®?«?®???®?­?­?®-?®???????·???±?????¬ ??? ?­? ?«? ?¬ (?±??? ?­?¤? ?°??)
FDSE Full Duplex Switched Ethernet, ?¤?????«?????±?­? ?? ???®?¬?¬???????°?????¬? ?? ?±?????? Ethernet
FED ferroelectric display, ?±?????­?????®???«???????°???·???±?????© ?¤???±???«???©
FEP front-end processor, 1) ???­?????°?????©?±?­?»?© ???°?®?¶???±?±?®?°, 2) ???°?®?¶???±?±?®?° ?­?  ?±??? ?­?¶????-???«?????­???? (?? ?±??????)
FIFO first-in, first-out, ?®?????°???»?¬ ???°???????« – ?????°???»?¬ ?®???±?«???¦???­ (?¤???±?¶?????«???­?  ?®???±?«???¦????? ?­???? ?­?  ?®?±?­?®???? ???®?±?«???¤?®??? ?????«???­?®?© ?®?·???°???¤??)
FITS Functional Interpolating Transformation System, ?±???±?????¬?  ???°? ?­?±???®?°?¬? ?¶???? ???§?®???°? ?¦???­???© ?¬?????®?¤?®?¬ ?????­???¶???®?­? ?«???­?®?© ???­?????°???®?«???¶????
FLCD ferroelectric liquid crystal display, ?±?????­?????®???«???????°???·???±?????© ?¤???±???«???© ?­?  ?¦???¤?????µ ???°???±??? ?«?«? ?µ
FOC fiber-optics communications, ???®?«?®???®?­?­?®-?®???????·???±??? ?? ?±?????§??
FPFR fast-packet frame-relay, ?±???®?°?®?±???­? ?? ??? ???????­? ?? ?????°???¤? ?·?  ?± ?°?????°? ?­?±?«???¶?????© ???°???©?¬?®?? (???°?®???®???®?«)
FRX Frame Relay Exchange, ?®???¬???­ ?± ?°?????°? ?­?±?«???¶?????© ???°???©?¬?®??
FSF Free Software Foundation, ?”?®?­?¤ ?????±???«? ???­?®???® ???°?®???°? ?¬?¬?­?®???® ?®?????±?????·???­????
FTAM File Transfer, Access and Management, ?????°???¤? ?·? , ?¤?®?±?????? ?? ?????°? ???«???­???? ??? ?©?«? ?¬?? (???°?®???®???®?«)
FTS functional test suite, ?­? ???®?° ?????­???¶???®?­? ?«???­?»?µ ?????±???®??
FTSA Fault-Tolerant Server Architecture, ?®????? ?§?®???±???®?©?·????? ?? ?±???°?????°?­? ?? ? ?°?µ?????????????°? 
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GAPPN Gigabit Advanced Peer-to-Peer Networking, ? ?°?µ?????????????°?  ??????? ???????­?»?µ ?®?¤?­?®???°?®???­?????»?µ ?±???????© (???®?¬??? ?­???? IBM)
GDMO Guidelines for the Definition of Managed Objects, ???°???­?¶?????» ?®?????±? ?­???? ?????°? ???«?????¬?»?µ ?®???????????®?? (?±??? ?­?¤? ?°?? ISO)
GFS grandfather/father/son, “?¤???¤/?®?????¶/?±?»?­” (???®?°???¤?®?? ?¤?????«???°?®??? ?­???? ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ ?­?  ?¬? ???­?????­?»?µ ?«???­??? ?µ ?°? ?§ ?? ?¬???±???¶, ?°? ?§ ?? ?­???¤???«?? ?? ???¦???¤?­?????­?®)
GIS Geographic Information System, ?????®???°? ?????·???±??? ?? ???­???®?°?¬? ?¶???®?­?­? ?? ?±???±?????¬? , ???€?‘
GLOP Graphical Library Object Parser, ?±???­??? ???±???·???±?????© ? ?­? ?«???§? ???®?° ???°? ?????·???±?????µ ???????«???®?????·?­?»?µ ?®???????????®??
GM general manager, ???«? ???­?»?© ?????°? ???«?????????©, ?¤???°???????®?°-?°? ?±???®?°???¤???????«??
GOOP Graphical Object-Oriented Programming, ???°? ?????·???±???®?? ?®???????????­?®-?®?°?????­?????°?®??? ?­?­?®?? ???°?®???°? ?¬?¬???°?®??? ?­????
GOSIP Government Open Systems Interconnection Profile, ???°? ?????????«???±???????­?­?»?© ???°?®?????«?? ???§? ???¬?®?¤???©?±???????? ?®?????°?»???»?µ ?±???±?????¬ (?‘????)
GUI Graphical User Interface, ???°? ?????·???±?????© ???®?«???§?®??? ?????«???±?????© ???­?????°?????©?±
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HADA High Availability Disk Array, ?¤???±???®??? ?? ?¬? ???°???¶?  ?± ???»?±?®?????¬ ???®?????????¶?????­???®?¬ ???®???®???­?®?±????
HAL Hardware Abstraction Layer, ? ???±???°? ?????­?»?© ???°?®?????­?? ? ????? ?°? ???­?»?µ ?±?°???¤?±????
HAM Host Attachment Module, ?¬?®?¤???«?? ???®?¤???«???·???­???? ?? ?µ?®?±??-?¬? ?????­??
HCI human-computer interface, ???­?????°?????©?± “?·???«?®??????-?¬? ?????­? ”
HDL Hardware Description Language, ???§?»?? ?®?????±? ?­???? ? ????? ?°? ???­?»?µ ?±?°???¤?±????
HDLC High-Level Data Link Control, ???»?±?®???®???°?®???­?????®?? ?????°? ???«???­???? ??? ?­? ?«?®?¬ ?????°???¤? ?·?? ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ (?±??? ?­?¤? ?°?? ISO)
HDMS High-Density Modem System, ?±???±?????¬?  ?¬?®?¤???«???¶????/?¤???¬?®?¤???«???¶???? ?± ???»?±?®?????¬ ???®?????????¶?????­???®?¬ ?±?¦? ??????
HDTV High Definition Television, ?????«???????¤???­???? ???»?±?®???®?© ?·???????®?±????, ?’?‚?—
HFT High Function Terminal, ?¬?­?®???®?????­???¶???®?­? ?«???­?»?© ?????°?¬???­? ?«
HIPPI High Performance Parallel Interface, ???»?±?®???®?±???®?°?®?±???­?®?© ??? ?°? ?«?«???«???­?»?© ???­?????°?????©?±
HLL high-level language, ???§?»?? ???»?±?®???®???® ???°?®???­??
HLLAPI High Level Language Application Programming Interface, ???­?????°?????©?± ???°?????«? ?¤?­?®???® ???°?®???°? ?¬?¬???°?®??? ?­???? ?­?  ???§?»??? ?µ ???»?±?®???®???® ???°?®???­??
HLS hue-level-saturation, ?¶??????-???°???®?±????-?­? ?±?»?????­?­?®?±???? (?¬?????®?¤ ?¶???????®?????°???¤? ?·??)
HPFS High Performance File System, ???»?±?®???®???°?®???§???®?¤???????«???­? ?? ??? ?©?«?®??? ?? ?±???±?????¬? 
HPR High Performance Routing, ???»?±?®???®???°?®???§???®?¤???????«???­? ?? ?¬? ?°???°???????§? ?¶???? (?±??? ?­?¤? ?°?? ?????°?¬?» IBM, ???®?????¤?????© ?? ?±?????¶????????? ?¶???? APPN; ???°?®???®???®?«, ???§?????±???­?»?© ??? ???¦?? ???®?¤ ?­? ?§??? ?­?????¬ APPN+)
HPSN High Performance Scalable Networking, ???»?±?®???®???°?®???§???®?¤???????«???­?»?? ?°? ?±?????°?????¬?»?? ?±?????? (? ?°?µ?????????????°?  ?????°?¬?» 3Com)
HSB hue-saturation-brightness, ?¶??????-?­? ?±?»?????­?­?®?±????-???°???®?±???? (?¬?????®?¤ ?¶???????®?????°???¤? ?·??)
HSDL high-speed data link, ???»?±?®???®?±???®?°?®?±???­?®?© ??? ?­? ?« ?????°???¤? ?·?? ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ
HSM hierarchical storage management, ?????°? ?°?µ???·???±???®?? ?????°? ???«???­???? ?§? ???®?¬???­? ???????¬?? ???±???°?®?©?±????? ?¬??
HSRP Hot Standby Router Protocol, ???°?®???®???®?« ?±?????§?? ?± ?¬? ?°???°???????§? ???®?°?®?¬ ???®?°???·?????® ?°???§???°???  (?? ?±?????? Internet)
HSSI High Speed Serial Interface, ???»?±?®???®?±???®?°?®?±???­?®?© ???®?±?«???¤?®??? ?????«???­?»?© ???­?????°?????©?±
HSV hue-saturation-value, ?¶??????-?­? ?±?»?????­?­?®?±????-?§?­? ?·???­???? (?¬?????®?¤ ?¶???????®?????°???¤? ?·??)
HTML Hyper-Text Markup Language, ?????????°???????±???®???»?© ???§?»?? ?®?????±? ?­???? ?¤?®?????¬???­???®?? (??? ?©?«?®??)
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IBN 1. Integrated Branch Node, ?®???????¤???­???­?­?»?© ???®?¬?¬????? ?¶???®?­?­?»?© ???§???« (???®?­?¶???­???°? ???®?°/?¬? ?°???°???????§? ???®?°); 2. integrated business network, ???­???????°? ?«???­? ?? ?±?????? ?¤???«?®???®?© ?±?????§??
ICDA Integrated Cashed Disk Array, ?¤???±???®??? ?? ?¬? ???°???¶?  ?±?® ???±???°?®???­?­?®?© ??????-??? ?¬????????
ICFA International Computer Facsimile Association, ?????¦?¤???­? ?°?®?¤?­? ?? ? ?±?±?®?¶??? ?¶???? ???®?¬???????????°?­?®?© ??? ???±???¬???«???­?®?© ?±?????§??
ICI Inter-Carrier Interface, ???­?????°?????©?± ?±?????§?? ?¬???¦?¤?? ?«???­?????¬?? ?°? ?§?«???·?­?»?µ ?????«?????®?­?­?»?µ ???®?¬??? ?­???©
ICTS Inter-City Telecommunications System, ?±???±?????¬?  ?¬???¦?¤?????®?°?®?¤?­?®?© ?±?????§??
IDAPI Integrated Database Application Program Interface, ???­???????°???°?®??? ?­?­?»?© ???­?????°?????©?± ?¤?®?±???????  ?? ??? ?§? ?¬ ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ ???§ ???°???«?®?¦???­???© (?±??? ?­?¤? ?°?? ?????°?¬?» Borland)
IDDE Integrated Development and Debugging Environment, ???­???????°???°?®??? ?­?­? ?? ?±?°???¤?  ?°? ?§?°? ???®?????? ?? ?®???«? ?¤???? (???°?®???°? ?¬?¬)
IDL Interface Definition Language, ???§?»?? ?®?????±? ?­???? ???­?????°?????©?±? 
IDMS Integrated Data Management System, ???­???????°???°?®??? ?­?­? ?? ?±???±?????¬?  ?????°? ???«???­???? ?¤? ?­?­?»?¬?? (?±???±?????¬?  ?????°? ???«???­???? ??? ?§? ?¬?? ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ ?¤?«?? ?¬???©?­???°???©?¬?®??)
IEN Integrated Enterprise Network, ???­???????°???°?®??? ?­?­? ?? ?±?????? ?¬? ?±????? ???  ???°???¤???°??????????
IETF Internet Engineering Task Force, ?°? ???®?·? ?? ???°???????  ???® ?±??? ?­?¤? ?°??? ?¬ ?¤?«?? ?±?????? Internet
IH Information Highway, ???­???®?°?¬? ?¶???®?­?­? ?? ?¬? ?????±???°? ?«??
ILE Integrated Language Environment, ???­???????°???°?®??? ?­?­? ?? ???§?»???®??? ?? ?±?°???¤?  (?°? ?§?°? ???®?????? ???°?®???°? ?¬?¬)
ILMI Interim Local Management Interface, ???°?®?¬???¦?????®?·?­?»?© ???­?????°?????©?± ?«?®??? ?«???­?®???® ?????°? ???«???­????
IMAC ISDN Media Access Control, ???°?®?????­?? ?????°? ???«???­???? ?¤?®?±???????®?¬ ?? ?±?°???¤?? ?????°???¤? ?·?? ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ ?? ?±???????µ ISDN
IMAP Interactive Mail Access Protocol, ???°?®???®???®?« ???­?????°? ?????????­?®???® ?¤?®?±???????  ?? ???«???????°?®?­?­?®?© ???®?·????
IMR Integrated Multiport Repeater, ???­???????°? ?«???­?»?© ?¬?­?®???®???®?°???®???»?© ?°?????°? ?­?±?«?????®?°
IMS 1. information management system, 1) ???­???®?°?¬? ?¶???®?­?­?®-?????°? ???«??????? ?? ?±???±?????¬? , 2) ?±???±?????¬?  ?????°? ???«???­???? ???­???®?°?¬? ?¶?????© (?????°? ?°?µ???·???±??? ?? ?±???±?????¬?  ?????°? ???«???­???? ??? ?§? ?¬?? ?¤? ?­?­?»?µ, ?°? ?§?°? ???®??? ?­?­? ?? ?????°?¬?®?© IBM); 2. Integration of Management Systems, ?®???????¤???­???­???? ? ?¤?¬???­???±???°? ???????­?»?µ ?±???±?????¬
INM Internet Network Management, ? ?¤?¬???­???±???°???°?®??? ?­???? ?? ?±?????? Internet
IOS integrated office system, ???­???????°???°?®??? ?­?­? ?? ?®?????±?­? ?? ?±???±?????¬? 
IP 1. image processing, ?®???°? ???®?????  ???§?®???°? ?¦???­???©; 2. Internet Protocol, ?¬???¦?±?????????®?© ???°?®???®???®?« (?????°???®?­? ?·? ?«???­?® ?°? ?§?°? ???®??? ?­?­?»?© ?¤?«?? ?±?????? Internet)
IPS image processing system, ?±???±?????¬?  ?®???°? ???®?????? ???§?®???°? ?¦???­???©
IPX Internetwork Packet Exchange, ?¬???¦?±?????????®?© ?®???¬???­ ??? ??????? ?¬?? (???°?®???®???®?« ?????°?¬?» Novell)
IRQ interruption request, ?§? ???°?®?± ?­?  ???°???°?»??? ?­????
IRS information retrieval system, ???­???®?°?¬? ?¶???®?­?­?®-???®???±???®??? ?? ?±???±?????¬? 
ISA Industry Standard Architecture, ???°?®?¬?»???«???­?­? ?? ?±??? ?­?¤? ?°???­? ?? ? ?°?µ?????????????°?  (??????

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